Venous glucose, serum lactate and base deficit as biochemical predictors of mortality in patients with polytrauma. [Ulus Travma Acil Cerrahi Derg]
Ulus Travma Acil Cerrahi Derg. 2016; 22(1): 29-33 | DOI: 10.5505/tjtes.2015.96832  

Venous glucose, serum lactate and base deficit as biochemical predictors of mortality in patients with polytrauma.

Sameh Saad1, Naglaa Mohamed1, Amr Moghazy2, Gouda Ellabban2, Soliman El-kamash2
1Department Of Emergency Medicine, Faculty Of Medicine, Suez Canal University, Ismailia, Egypt.
2Department Of General Surgery, Faculty Of Medicine, Suez Canal University, Ismailia, Egypt

Introduction: The trauma and injury severity score (TRISS) and Acute Physiology And Chronic Health Evaluation IV (APACHE IV) are accurate but complex.
Aim of the work: To compare venous glucose, levels of serum lactate and base deficit in polytraumatized patients as simple parameters to predict the mortality in these patients versus (TRISS) and (APACHE IV).
Patient and Method: a comparative cross-sectional study of 282 patients with polytrauma attended to the Emergency Department (ED).

Results: The best cut off value of TRISS probability of survival score for prediction of mortality among poly-traumatized patients is ≤ 90. APACHE IV demonstrated 67% sensitivity and 95% specificity at 95% CI at cut off point 99. The best cutoff value of Random Blood Sugar was>140 mg/dl, with 89%, sensitivity, 49% specificity; base deficit was less than -5.6 with 64% sensitivity, 93% specificity; lactate for was > 2.6 mmol/L with 92%, sensitivity, 42% specificity.

Conclusion: Venous glucose, serum lactate and base deficit are easy and rapid biochemical predictors of mortality in patients with polytrauma. These predictors could be used as TRISS and APACHE IV in predicting the mortality.

Keywords: APACHE IV, Base deficit, lactate; Polytrauma; TRISS; venous glucose


Sameh Saad, Naglaa Mohamed, Amr Moghazy, Gouda Ellabban, Soliman El-kamash. Venous glucose, serum lactate and base deficit as biochemical predictors of mortality in patients with polytrauma.. Ulus Travma Acil Cerrahi Derg. 2016; 22(1): 29-33

Corresponding Author: Sameh Saad, Egypt


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