The effect of a community-based disaster drill of simulating Disaster Medical Assistance Team (DMAT) on the knowledge and attitude [Ulus Travma Acil Cerrahi Derg]
Ulus Travma Acil Cerrahi Derg. Ahead of Print: UTD-93947 | DOI: 10.14744/tjtes.2020.93947  

The effect of a community-based disaster drill of simulating Disaster Medical Assistance Team (DMAT) on the knowledge and attitude

Chu Hyun Kim1, Sang Do Shin2, Ju Ok Park3, Seong Chun KIM4, Phillip L Coule5
1Department Of Emergency Medicine, Inje University College Of Medicine, Seoulpaik Hospital, Seoul, Korea
2Department Of Emergency Medicine, Seoul National University College Of Medicine, Seoul National University Hospital, Seoul, Korea
3Department Of Emergency Medicine, Hallym University College Of Medicine, Dongtan Sacred Heart Hospital, Hwaseong, Korea
4Department Of Emergency Medicine, Gyoungsang National University College Of Medicine, Gyoungsang National University Hospital, Gyoungsang, Korea
5Department Of Emergency Medicine, Medical College Of Georgia, Augusta University, Augusta, United States

Study objective
We evaluated the effect community-based disaster drill of simulating disaster medical assistance team) on the knowledge and the attitudes.

Methods
Eight hours disaster drills including didactic lectures, table simulation, and outdoor field simulation were developed for participants who were recruited from community health centers, emergency departments, fire stations, emergency medical technicians’ academy, and emergency information center in Seoul Metropolitan City area from 2006 to 2008.
We surveyed on the knowledge and the attitude using designed questionnaire before and after drill. We compared changes with t test and repeated measure ANOVA.

Results
Total 14 community-based drills were done during study period. 525 (79.4%) people were responded to both pre- and post-drill survey. Of these, doctor was the second common occupation (26.9%) after volunteer students (47.1%). Overall, knowledge and attitude score was significantly increased from 3.9±1.0 to 4.3±0.9 (p<0.001) and from 21.4±3.4 to 22.4±3.2 (p<0.001), respectively. The difference among professional license groups between pre- and post-drill knowledge level was significant (p=0.03), while the difference among jobs for attitude between pre- and post-drill was not different (p=0.78).

Conclusion
Disaster drill on establishment and operation of DMAT may affect positively on both knowledge and attitude of participants.

Keywords: Disaster, Education, Effect, Community Networks, DMAT




Corresponding Author: Chu Hyun Kim, South Korea


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