The epidemiology of acute occupational hand injuries treated in emergency departments in Foshan City, South China [Ulus Travma Acil Cerrahi Derg]
Ulus Travma Acil Cerrahi Derg. Ahead of Print: UTD-59020 | DOI: 10.5505/tjtes.2016.59020  

The epidemiology of acute occupational hand injuries treated in emergency departments in Foshan City, South China

Zhixin Wu1, Yueming Guo3, Shangming Huang2, Shaojuan Huang2, Yingying Li2, Mingfeng He2, Kuangyi Li2
1Department Of Emergency Medicine, Foshan Hospital Of Traditional Chinese Medicine, Foshan, China
2Arizona Department Of Health Services Bureau Of Emergency Medical Services And Trauma System, Phoenix, Az, United States
3Department Of Orthopedic Surgery, Foshan Hospital Of Traditional Chinese Medicine, Foshan, China

Background: Despite the magnitude of occupational hand injuries, there are no authoritative guidelines for hand injury prevention, and little research has been done to investigate the epidemiology of acute occupational hand injuries in South China or other developing areas. In this study, we investigated the epidemiology of acute occupational hand injuries treated in emergency departments in Foshan City, South China, and supplied data for preventive strategies for similar developing areas.
Methods: A multicenter study was prospectively designed and conducted in five large hospital EDs in Foshan City. In this study, an anonymous questionnaire was specially designed to collect the data.
Results: A total of 2142 subjects with acute occupational hand injuries completed questionnaires within the one-year study period. Most occupational hand injuries were caused by machine. Hand injury type and the site of the injury were not related to age differences, but were related to gender and job category. July and August 2010 were the peak periods in admission to the ED, while January and February 2010 were the trough periods.
Conclusion: Epidemiology data enhances our knowledge of acute occupational hand injuries and may play a role in the prevention and treatment of future occupational hand injuries.

Keywords: Occupational injury, Hand, Emergency department, Epidemiology, Trauma




Corresponding Author: Zhixin Wu, United States


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