The epidemiology of acute occupational hand injuries treated in emergency departments in Foshan City, South Chin [Ulus Travma Acil Cerrahi Derg]
Ulus Travma Acil Cerrahi Derg. Ahead of Print: UTD-59020 | DOI: 10.5505/tjtes.2016.59020  

The epidemiology of acute occupational hand injuries treated in emergency departments in Foshan City, South Chin

Zhixin Wu1, Yueming Guo2, Junqing Gao2, Jianyi Zhou1, Shufang Li1, Zhaohui Wang2, Shangming Huang1, Shaojuan Huang1, Yingying Li1, Jingli Chen1, Mingfeng He1
1Department of Critical Care and Emergency Medicine, Foshan Hospital of Traditional Chinese Medicine, Foshan-China
2Department of Orthopedic Surgery, Foshan Hospital of Traditional Chinese Medicine, Foshan-China

BACKGROUND: Despite the magnitude of occupational hand injuries, there are no authoritative guidelines for hand injury prevention, and little research has been done to investigate the epidemiology of acute occupational hand injuries in South China or other developing areas. In this study, the epidemiology of acute occupational hand injuries treated in emergency departments (EDs) in Foshan City, South China, was examined and data were supplied to assist with preventive strategies in similar developing regions.
METHODS: A multicenter study was prospectively designed and conducted in 5 large hospital EDs in Foshan City from July 2010 to June 2011. An anonymous questionnaire was designed specifically to collect the data for this study.
RESULTS: A total of 2142 patients with acute occupational hand injury completed the questionnaire within the 1-year study period. Results indicated that most occupational hand injuries were caused by machinery. Hand injury type and site of the injury did not correspond to age, but were related to gender and job category. July and August 2010 were the peak periods of admission to EDs, while January and February 2010 were the trough periods.
CONCLUSION: Epidemiological data enhance our knowledge of acute occupational hand injuries and could play a role in the prevention and treatment of future occupational hand injuries.

Keywords: Emergency department, epidemiology; hand; occupational injury; trauma.




Corresponding Author: Zhixin Wu, United States


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