Comparison of Diagnostic Peritoneal Lavage and Focused Assessment by Sonography in Trauma as an adjunct to Primary Survey in Torso Trauma: A prospective randomized clinical trial [Ulus Travma Acil Cerrahi Derg]
Ulus Travma Acil Cerrahi Derg. 2014; 20(2): 101-106 | DOI: 10.5505/tjtes.2014.37336  

Comparison of Diagnostic Peritoneal Lavage and Focused Assessment by Sonography in Trauma as an adjunct to Primary Survey in Torso Trauma: A prospective randomized clinical trial

Sunil Kumar, Abhay Kumar, Mohit Kumar Joshi, Vinita Rathi
University College Of Medical Sciences, Delhi, India

Background: Lately, FAST is preferred over DPL as adjunct to primary survey. However, this is not evidence based as there has been no randomized trial.
Methods: 200 consecutive torso trauma patients meeting inclusion criteria were randomized to undergo either DPL or FAST. The results were then compared with either contrast enhanced computerized tomography (CECT) (in patients managed non-operatively) or laparotomy findings (in patients undergoing operative treatment). Outcome parameters were: result of the test, therapeutic usefulness, role in diagnosing bowel injury and time taken to perform the procedure.
Results: 200 patients with mean age of 28.3 years were studied, 98 in FAST and 102 in DPL group. 104 sustained blunt trauma and 76 sustained penetrating trauma due to stabs. 38 (38.7%) were FAST positive and 48 (47%) were DPL positive (p=0.237, not significant). As a guide to therapeutically beneficial laparotomy, negative DPL was better than negative FAST. For non-operative decisions, positive FAST was significantly better than positive DPL. DPL was significantly better than FAST in detecting as well as not missing the bowel injuries. DPL took significantly more time than FAST to perform.
Conclusions: This study shows that DPL is better than FAST.

Keywords: DPL, FAST and Torso trauma


Sunil Kumar, Abhay Kumar, Mohit Kumar Joshi, Vinita Rathi. Comparison of Diagnostic Peritoneal Lavage and Focused Assessment by Sonography in Trauma as an adjunct to Primary Survey in Torso Trauma: A prospective randomized clinical trial. Ulus Travma Acil Cerrahi Derg. 2014; 20(2): 101-106

Corresponding Author: Mohit Kumar Joshi, India


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