Flail chest due to blunt trauma: clinical features and factors affecting prognosis [Ulus Travma Acil Cerrahi Derg]
Ulus Travma Acil Cerrahi Derg. 2004; 10(2): 102-109

Flail chest due to blunt trauma: clinical features and factors affecting prognosis

Akın Eraslan Balcı1, Koray Özalp1, Mehmet Duran1, Erhan Ayan1, Sadık Vuraloğlu1
Fırat Üniversitesi Tıp Fakültesi Göğüs Cerrahisi Anabilim Dalı, Elazığ

BACKGROUND: We evaluated the clinical features of patients with flail chest, together with treatment results, and the factors affecting prognosis. METHODS: The study included 34 patients (27 males, 7 females; mean age 41 years; range 15-61 years) who underwent treatment for flail chest. A retrospective analysis was made regarding the etiology, injury to the chest wall, pulmonary contusion, hemothorax and pneumothorax requiring chest tube, associated injuries, injury severity score (ISS), the presence of shock on admission, the amount of blood transfusions within the first 24 hours, treatment, and the results. RESULTS: The most common cause of flail chest was traffic accidents (79.4%). Shock was detected in 41.2% and pulmonary contusions in 55.9%. Ventilatory support was required in 70.6%. The mean ISS was 36; mortality occurred in 32.4%. In seven patients without associated injuries and who did not receive ventilatory support, the mean ISS was 22.8 and all survived. However, in 18 patients with associated organ injuries, the mean ISS was 43.6, with mortality being 50% (p<0.05). Factors responsible for prolonged ventilatory support, pneumonia, and septic deaths included ISS above 31, associated fractures and injuries, blood transfusions, the need for chest tube, age equal to or above 50 years, and the presence of bilateral flail chest. The incidences of pneumonia and mortality were significantly less in patients treated with internal fixation (p<0.05). CONCLUSION: Our data show that careful fluid management and effective pain control, stabilization of the chest wall, immediate ventilatory support and early weaning from ventilation are the mainstays of treatment.



Künt travmaya bağlı yelken göğüs: Klinik özellikler ve prognozu etkileyen faktörler

Akın Eraslan Balcı1, Koray Özalp1, Mehmet Duran1, Erhan Ayan1, Sadık Vuraloğlu1
Fırat Üniversitesi Tıp Fakültesi Göğüs Cerrahisi Anabilim Dalı, Elazığ



Akın Eraslan Balcı, Koray Özalp, Mehmet Duran, Erhan Ayan, Sadık Vuraloğlu. Flail chest due to blunt trauma: clinical features and factors affecting prognosis. Ulus Travma Acil Cerrahi Derg. 2004; 10(2): 102-109


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